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Stout Beer was traditionally the term for the strongest or stoutest porters, usually 7% or 8%.
Stout is a dark beer brewed using hops, water, yeast, roasted malt or roasted barley. There are some types including, milk stout, cream stout, imperial stout, craft stout, Baltic porter and the most common type is a dry stout, namely Guinness Draught, the world's most famous Irish stout.
The word stout for beer was first recorded in a document dated 1677 which was found in the Egerton Manuscript, the thought being that a stout beer was not a dark beer but a strong beer.
The name porter came a little later, first used in 1721 which described a dark brown beer which had been made with roasted malts. Due to the enormous popularity of porters, brewers brewed them in many different strengths. The stronger ales were described as "stout porters", so the history and brewing of stout and porter are linked, and the term stout describes a dark beer, rather than just strong beer.
Copers stout remains a favourite home brew stout kit as does Irish stout.